This edition: The School Years: Summary
School-age children increasingly come to define who they are in terms of others, are more independent, and begin spending more and more time with their peers. In his psychoanalytic theory, Erickson called this stage a time of industry versus inferiority. This lesson presents the social development of schoolchildren and how it takes place on two fronts. First, adult–child relationships nurture a child and teach basic social skills. Second, peer relationships teach cooperation, competition, and intimacy. Among the topics addressed in this lesson are social cognition, bullying, and the effects of divorce.