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This edition: Population, Food Supply, and Energy Development

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Episode Details

Two case studies on countries coping with resource shortages. In Egypt, enormous population growth and demand for housing have reduced the amount of arable land and strained the capacity of the Nile River, the country's main water supply and agricultural lifeblood. But efforts at water conservation and regulation have had mixed results. On the tip of the Arabian peninsula, the rich nation of Oman has relied on oil as the mainstay of its prosperous economy. But today it is seeking to diversify, preparing for the day when this limited natural resource runs out. The result has been the development of new economic sectors, such as a modernized fishing industry, and the training of a new Omanian workforce—including, for the first time, women—to replace expatriate oil workers.