This edition: Urban and Rural Contrasts
By the year 2025, India is expected to surpass China as the world's most populous nation. Urbanization has created a growing middle class but has also strained cities' resources. Overpopulation, lack of adequate housing, poor sewage and waste removal, and air pollution all plague the capital city of Delhi—yet the government has plans to expand the national capital region to 20 times its current size. A second case study travels to the small, rural Indian village of Dikhatpura, where farmers still use very primitive techniques to farm the land and water shortages are common. Minamino Takeshi, a Japanese geographer, discusses how life has changed since the arrival of irrigation in India's rural villages, and H.J. de Blij discusses the problems caused by the government's support of water buffalo husbandry.