This edition: The Play Years: Cognitive Development
Preschoolers learn a great deal through play. This lesson illustrates the way that children’s experiences with puzzles, building blocks, and other toys during the years between the ages of 2 and 5 contribute to the development of their cognitive abilities. Every kind of game or puzzle can add to their understanding of themselves and their place in the world. The lesson presents how their mastery of language improves dramatically and their memory skills become more useful to them. Through guided participation and scaffolding, adults can assist children’s learning. The lesson explores the different theories advanced by Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky to explain the cognitive development of preschoolers. Language, theory of mind, and memory can be enhanced when children are placed in an enriched environment, such as a preschool.