This edition: The Play Years: Psychosocial Development
As preschoolers engage in relationships with people outside of their family environment, they begin to master the social skills necessary to function in society. This lesson demonstrates how preschool children learn to negotiate relationships with other children through sociodramatic play, rough-and-tumble play, and other interactions with their peers. It further explains that children with a good self-concept and healthy self-esteem have an advantage in learning to get along with others, particularly when they learn emotional regulation—the ability to direct and modify their feelings in socially acceptable way. Children often express their emotions through their behavior, and parents can take steps to encourage prosocial behavior, such as helping and sharing, rather than allowing children to indulge in antisocial behavior, such as bullying and lying. The lesson explores the three predominant styles of parenting and explains the impact of these styles on children’s psychosocial development.